Balancing the Evidence: Obesity and dietary fat references
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References from the Medical Literature

  1. Astrup, A. The American paradox: the role of energy-dense fat reduced food in the increasing prevalance of obesity. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 1:573-7, 1998.
    • Author proposes that the overconsumption of energy dense low fat products is responsible for the increased incidence of obesity in spite of decreasing fat content of diet. [abstract]
  2. Bray, GA: Popkin, BM. Dietary fat intake does affect obesity! Am J Clin Nutr. 68:1157-73, 1998.
    • Authors conclude that dietary fat plays a role in the development of obesity. [abstract]
  3. Cheuvront, SN. The zone diet and athletic performance. Sports Med. 27:213-28, 1999.
  4. Hill, JO; Melanson, EL; Wyatt, HT. Dietary fat intake and the regulation of energy balance: implications for obesity. J Nutr. 130 284S-288S, 2000.
    • The consumption of a high fat diet increases the likelihood of obesity and the risk of obesity is low in individuals consuming a low fat diet. [abstract]
  5. Kennedy, ET; Bowman, SA; Spence, JT; Freedman, M; King, J. Popular diets: correlation to health nutrition and obesity. JADA. 101:411-20, 2001.
    • Energy restriction is the key variable associated with weight reduction in the short term. Diets high in carbohydrate and low to moderate in fat tend to be lower in energy. The highest BMIs were noted for individuals on low carbohydrate diets. [abstract]
  6. Klein, S. Medical management of obesity. Surg Clin North Amer. 81:1025-38, 2001.
      • Review of non-surgical approaches for weight loss in obese patients. [abstract]
  7. McCrory, MA; Fuss, PJ; Saltzman, E; Roberts, SB. Dietary determinants of energy intake and weight regulation in healthy adults. J Nutr. 130: 276S-279S, 2000.
    • The authors present evidence that dietary variety is a predictor of intake and fatness is determined by the food groups that provide the variety. [abstract]
  8. Riccardi, G; Rivellese, AA. Dietary treatment of the metabolic syndrome-- the optimal diet. Brit J Nutr. 83 Suppl1:S143-8, 2000.
    • Detrimental effects of high carbohydrate diet on glucose, insulin and triglyceride levels are abolished if the diet is largely based on fiber rich low glycemic index foods. [abstract]
  9. Schrauwen, P; Werterterp, KR. The role of high-fat diets and physical activity in the regulation of body weight. Brit J Nutr. 84:417-27, 2000.
    • Increased intake of dietary fat and decreased physical activity are the most important factors explaining the increased prevalence of obesity in westernized societies. The authors acknowledge inter individual variability that can be attributed to genetic background. [abstract]
  10. Yao, M; Roberts, SB. Dietary energy density and weight regulation. Nutr Rev. 59:247-58, 2001.
    • Review of studies suggests that diets low in fat and high in fiber may be the energy density diets for promoting weight loss. [abstract]
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