Steve was born in Indonesia of Dutch-Indonesian parents and lived in the Netherlands for three years prior to emmigrating to the United States.
Steve has been at the University of New England since 1987. He teaches courses related to Oceanography (his name in Dutch means "sailor"). Students just *love*
Most of Steve's research involves phytoplankton physiology and ecology, primarily related to food-web dynamics. Because
of this he has strong interests in zooplankton and nutrient cycling as well. He uses tools including stable- and
radioisotopes, computer simulation, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and remote sensing.
Much of his work has been in the Bering Sea and Arctic Ocean. Early work there was in collaboration with scientists from the
Soviet Union, (now Russia). He is currently working on the influence of climate change, on freashwater hydrology and the
impacts on coastal ecosystems. He and his colleagues are looking at a wide variety things including meteorology, biology,
chemistry, physics and hydrology. The project uses tools including field sampling, remote sensing, GIS, molecular biology,
and computer modeling.
He recently worked on food chain dynamics on the East Coast focusing on right whales and basking sharks. In this work he
used GIS and remote sensing, along with satellite tagging, to look at habitat preferences and migratory behavior of these
species. This work also involved other techniques to analyze trophic linkages of these animals, namely stable isotopes,
and his collaborators are working on hormones to tease out the determinants of migration.
He also participated in
a research project studying the effects of UV-radiation on marine life.
Prior to coming to UNE, Steve directed an environmental education center in the Everglades of florida. Before that, he conducted Postdoctoral studies at Harbor Branch Oceanographic institution
in Ft. Pierce, Florida.
- UNIVERSITY OF NEW ENGLAND
- 2009- Founding Chair, Department of Marine Sciences
- 1995- Adjunct Research Associate. Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences
- 1987- Professor (since 2001), Dept. of Biological Sciences
- MEDUSA (Maine Undergraduate Science Consortium)
- 1989- Director - program development and proposal writing (non-paid).
- EVERGLADES CENTER OUTDOORS, 39801 In graham Hwy., Homestead, FL
- 1984-'87 Director. Administer education and research programs with a budget of $200,000, develop grant proposals. Teach in environmental education courses, train instructors.
- UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA, Columbia, SC 29208
- 1980-'81 Instructor, Ft. Jackson Campus, Marine Science Program.
- 1977-'80 Teaching Assistant. Honors College and Marine Science Program.
- UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, Milwaukee, WI 53201
- 1976 Teaching Assistant. Botany.
- 1975-'76 Research Assistant. Environmental monitoring study of nuclear power plants.
Courses Normally Taught
- Remote Sensing
- Advanced Oceanography I and II
- NSF GK-12 SPARTACUS Project. The Interactions of Biology, Chemistry and Physics at the Land-Ocean
Interface: A Systemic PARTnership Aimed at Connecting University and School (SPARTACUS)
( DGE-0841361 ) This study places Graduate Fellows as science content experts in
public schools in six districts in Maine. The goal is to help the Fellows become better communicators of science, while
helping teachers improve their curriculum.
- NSF-funded study Collaborative Proposal: Cross-Shelf Transport and Post-Bloom New Production Near
the Pribilof Islands (OPP-0326415). This project
studies the effect of eddies in tranporting material across the Bering Sea shelf and how that might stimulate biological
- NASA-funded project to develop a Joint NASA Center for Remote Sensing at UNE. The first project of the Center is to
analyze marine mammal habitat using remote sensing techniques and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to predict where animals
might occur at specific times. One aim of the project is to prevent ship collisions with marine mammals.
- This NSF-funded project, Students and Scientists: Together Advancing Science Knowledge, is in conjunction with the
Maine Math and Science Alliance (ESI-0222740). It is
part of Project GLOBE which tries to get K-12 students involved in serious
research projects. We will develop a database for teachers to modify pre-existing modules into customized lessons. We will also
develop two new units relating to Urban Atmospheres and Coastal Ecosystems.
- With colleagues Greg Zogg and Mark Johnson (now at St. Joseph's in
Connecticut), a project is underway to improve teaching Biology for non-majors with high-tech inquiry-based labs. Improving
Biology Education for Non-science Majors: Environmental Change and Carbon Dynamics as the Focus of Inquiry-based Laboratories
is funded through NSF (DUE-9952305).
- In 2001 he received funding to study the decline of Steller sea lions, an endangered species, in the Aleutian Islands. This
project, funded by NOAA and the Cooperative Institute for Arctic Research, involves colleagues from the National Marine Mammal
Laboratory, University of California-Irvine, and the University of Alaska.
- Recently, Steve and colleagues from four other institutions completed a project funded by a ~$1.4 million grant from the
National Science Foundation (OPP-9907097,
OPP-9617236) which investigated food webs in the
Bering Sea in relation to an oceanographic frontal zone, the Inner Front.
- Another project which relates to what we know about phytoplankton to teaching is called Phytopia. Funded by the National
Science Foundation (OCE-0085447), researchers at
the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences and Steve are putting together a CD-ROM to help students learn about microscopic life
in the oceans and their importance in ecology.
- He also has interests in biogeochemistry as it relates to coastal ecosystems. A grant here was with
Greg Zogg and Pam
Morgan to start up a biogeochemistry project to look at nutrient cycling and biogeochemical processes in upland woods, the
adjacent salt marshes, estuaries and coastal waters. Using funding from the Maine Science and Technology Foundation, the work
will involve students in critical experiments to characterize nutrient cycles.
- A second project related to teaching was conducted with researchers from the University of Southern Maine in a project
called ACCESS Earth, funded by NASA, to help teachers and
students with disabilities learn about Earth Systems Science.
- A third area of interest is in Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). He has worked on a Geographic
Information System (GIS) dealing with non-point source pollutants and their mixing from rivers into coastal waters. In 1995
he received a 3-year NASA grant to conduct remote sensing studies in relation to oceanographic processes. These studies
were carried out in conjunction with the Bigelow Laboratory for ocean Sciences. Some results of this work
may be seen in a poster presented at the annual NASA/JOVE retreat and the annual meeting
of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. More recently he has been working on
SeaWiFS satellite imagery from the Bering Sea in conjunction with the Inner Front project mentioned above.
- His love of teaching has engaged him in teacher education through participation in summer academies for K-12 teachers in
fields such as computer technology, energy and ecosystems, and in 1997, health and environment. On August 10, 2003, he was an
invited panelist at the School Leadership, New Technology and Planning for the Future Institute at Colby College where he also
presented a poster entitled "Technology and Science: In the Context of Marine Science." The Institute is funded by the Gates
- He was also active on the Education Committee of the American Society of Limnology and
Links to Research Projects
- Skomal,G.B., S.I. Zeeman, J.H. Chisholm, E.L. Summers, H.J. Walsh, K.W. McMahon,
and S.R. Thorrold. 2009. Transequatorial Migrations by Basking Sharks in the Western
Atlantic Ocean, Current Biology, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.04.019
- Raymond N. Sambrotto, Calvin Mordy, Stephan I. Zeeman, Phyllis J. Stabeno
and S. Allen Macklin. 2008. Physical forcing and nutrient conditions associated with
patterns of Chl a and phytoplankton productivity in the southeastern Bering Sea during
summer.Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography. 55:1745-1760.
- Summers, Erin L., James A. Estrada and Stephan I. Zeeman. 2006 A note on
geographic and seasonal fluctuations in the isotopic composition of baleen in
four North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis). J. Cetacean
Res. Manage. 8(3):241–245.
- Jahncke, J., K. O. Coyle, S. I. Zeeman, N. B. Kachel, G. L. Hunt Jr. 2005.
Distribution of foraging shearwaters relative to inner front of SE Bering Sea.
Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 305: 219–233
- Mordy,Calvin W., Phyllis J. Stabeno, Carol Ladd, Stephan Zeeman, David P.
Wisegarver, Sigrid A. Salo and George L. Hunt, Jr. 2005. Nutrients and primary
production along the eastern Aleutian Island Archipelago. Fish. Oceanogr.
14 (Suppl. 1), 55–76.
- A. Merico, T. Tyrrell, E.J. Lessard, T. Oguz, P.J. Stabeno, S.I.
Zeeman, and T.E. Whitledge. 2004. Modelling the Bering Sea shelf
ecosystem: role of climate influences and trophic interactions in generating
Emiliania huxleyi blooms 1997-2000. Deep Sea Res. I 51: 1803–1826.
- D.S. Stockwell, T.E. Whitledge, S.I. Zeeman, K.O. Coyle, J.M. Napp,
R.D. Brodeur, A.I. Pinchuk, and G.L. Hunt, Jr. 2001. Anomalous conditions in
the south-eastern Bering Sea, 1977: nutrients, phytoplankton and zooplankton.
Fisheries Oceanography 10:1 99-116.
- Hunt, G.L.,Jr., C.L. Baduini, R.D. Broduer, K.O. Coyle, N.B. Kachel, J.M.
Napp, S.A. Salo, J.D. Schumacher, P.J. Stabeno, D.A. Stockwell, T.E.
Whitledge, and S.I. Zeeman. 1999. The Bering Sea in 1998: The Second
Consecutive Year of Extreme Weather-forced Anomalies. Eos, Transactions of
the American Geophysical Union. 80: 565-566.
- Vance, T.C., J.D. Schumacher, C.T. Baier, T.Wyllie-Echeverria, C.T. Tynan,
R.D. Brodeur, J.M. Napp, K.O. Coyle, M.B. Decker, G.L. Hunt Jr., D. Stockwell,
T.E. Whitledge, M. Jump, S. Zeeman. 1998. Aquamarine Waters Recorded
for the First Time in Eastern Bering Sea. 1998. EOS, Transactions of the
American Geophysical Union.79(10): 121,126.
- Zeeman, S.I. 1992. The Importance of Primary Production and CO2. pp
218-224 In: Results of the Third Joint US-USSR Bering and Chukchi Seas Expedition (BERPAC),Summer 1988,
P.A. Nagel (ed.). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC.
- Zeeman, S.I. and P. Jensen. Photoresponses of phytoplankton in the
Bering Sea. 1990.(with P. Jensen) pp 87-96 In: P.F. Roscigno, editor.
Results of the Second Joint U.S.-U.S.S.R. Bering Sea Expedition, Summer
1984. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serv. Biol. Rep.90(13).
x + 317 pp.
- Whitledge et al. 1988. Biological measurements and related
chemical features in Soviet and U.S. regions of the Bering Sea.
Continental Shelf Research 8(12):1299-1320.
- Zeeman, S.I. 1985. The effects of Tropical Storm Dennis on coastal
phyto-plankton.Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 20:403-418.
- Zeeman, S.I. and R. Grunewald. 1978. Size-fractionated primary
production in Lake Michigan near the Kewaunee Nuclear Power Plant. pp 364-380 In:Energy and Environmental Stress in Aquatic
Ecosystems. J.H. Thorp and J.W.Gibbons (eds.). DOE Symp. Ser.
(CONF-771114), NTIS, Springfield, VA.
Grants and Awards:
- 2009, The Interactions of Biology, Chemistry and Physics at the Land-Ocean Interface:
A Systemic PARTnership Aimed at Connecting University and School (SPARTACUS).NSF DGE-0841361, $3.78M, 5 yrs.
- 2005, Joint NASA Center for Remote Sensing at the University of New
England. NASA NNS06AA96G, $248,000, 2 yr.
- 2003, Joint NASA Center for Remote Sensing at the University of New
England. NASA NAG13-03027, $581,000, 1 yr.
- 2003, Collaborative Proposal: Cross-Shelf Transport and Post-Bloom New
Production Near the Pribilof Islands. NSF OPP-0326415, $128,479, 2 yrs.
- 2002, Students and Scientists: Together Advancing Science Knowledge. NSF
ESI-0222740, $350,000, 42 months.
- 2002, Saco Bay Scallop Stock Enhancement Project, Northeast Consortium,
$25,000, 1 yr.
- 2001 Characterization of Steller Sea Lion foraging habitat in the Aleutian
Islands. Cooperative Institute for Arctic Research, $157,207, 2 yrs.
- 2001Climate-driven bottom-up processes and killer whale abundance as
factors in Steller sea lion population trends in the Aleutian Islands.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, $20,670,1 month.
- 2000 Equipment to Enhance Coastal Biogeochemistry Research and Training.
Maine Science and Technology Foundation $90,150, 2 yrs.
- 2000 Phytopia: Showcasing our oceans' smallest life forms in a multimedia
environment. National Science Foundation $90,000.
- 2000 Improving Biology Education for Non-science
Majors: Environ mental Change and Carbon Dynamics as the Focus of
Inquiry-based Laboratories. National Science Foundation $55,000, 3 yrs.
- 1999 A new generation Flow Cytometer/Cell Sorter for
the J.J. MacIsaac Facility at Bigelow. Maine Science and Technology Foundation
- 1999 Prolonged Production and Trophic Transfer to Predators:Processes at the Inner Front of the Southeastern Bering Sea. National Science Foundation, $82K, 2 yrs.
- 1998 Remote Sensing Applications in Oceanography, JOVE Augmentation Award. NASA/JOVE, $20K, 1 yrs.
- 1997 Prolonged Production and Trophic Transfer to Predators:Processes at the Inner Front of the Southeastern Bering Sea. National Science Foundation, $223K, 3 yrs.
- 1997 Dynamic Practices in Math and Science: Learning About Learning. Maine Math and Sci. Alliance, 1 yr.
- 1995 Remote sensing application in oceanography. NASA/JOVE, $110K, 3 yrs.
- 1993 Non-point source pollution and surrogates water mass tracers. EOSAT Corp.,$25,000, 1 year.
- 1993 Water mass tracers in the Gulf of Maine. Intnl. Geographic Info. Found., $8,000, 1year.
- 1992 Funds to support a student intern in science for the summer. Maine Math and Science Alliance, MERITS Program, $2,750, 3 months.
- 1991 Funds for personnel to administer the MEDUSA consortium of colleges promoting undergraduate science and research. Co-P/I. National Science Foundation, EPSCoR Program,$13,700, 1 year.
- 1990 To establish a consortium of colleges for promoting undergraduate research. Co-P/I. National Science Foundation, EPSCoR Program, $13,700, 1 year.
- 1990 Benthic Carbon Processes in the St. Lawrence Polynya. Maine Faculty Enhancement Prog. $2,500, 1 year.
- 1988 Funds for ship time, travel and equipment
shipping to participate in joint Soviet/American research in Bering and
Chukchi Seas, U.S. Dept. Interior and Soviet Academy for Hydrometeorology.
- 1988 Teacher of the Year, Division of Life Sciences, UNE.
UNE WWW Home Page
Department of Marine Sciences
University of New England
11 Hills Beach Road
Biddeford, ME 04005
Telephone: (207) 602-2410
FAX: (207) 282-6379